History of the Park

Central Park was opened in 1859, and the official completion date is 1873. But these years were preceded by decades of debate and controversy over the very existence of the Park. Starting in 1820, the population of new York city began to grow rapidly – after 30 years, it increased 4 times. Residents of the city were forced to rest from the noise of the metropolis in not the most suitable places for this (cemeteries, bandit suburbs). In 1844, the first advertising campaigns were launched in support of creating a special place for citizens to relax, and in 1853, the city of new York allocated a section of Manhattan for Central Park.
The winners of the Park design competition were landscape designer F. Olmsted and architect from England K. VOX. Both were inspired when creating the project by English parks, in particular London's Hyde Park and Liverpool's Birkenhead Park. Subsequently, the Manager of the construction of the new green zone was E. green, who obtained from the mayor the allocation of additional space (then the boundaries of the Park acquired a modern appearance).
The project was completed in 1873, after which it almost immediately fell into disrepair. Until 1934, when R. Moses became Manager, Central Park was a depressing sight. Mountains of debris, dead shrubs and trees, broken bridges, benches and buildings. The situation deteriorated so much that in 1910 this place became the main contender for the murder of Dorothy Arnold, the story of whose disappearance still stirs the minds of Americans. However, Moses put the Park in order. Buildings were restored, trees and other vegetation were replanted, and roads were cleared. The Manager built playgrounds and sports grounds.
After 20 years of second decline (1960-1980), Central Park became heavily guarded. Two sad pages in its history convinced the Trustees and ordinary citizens of the need to control such a large territory. Now "light cities" are completely restored, and are a favorite place of residents and visitors of new York.

New-Yorkes are proud that the Park was conceived and created by their ancestors a long time ago (by American standards), in the XIX century. In 1844, a popular man in the city, poet, journalist, and publisher of the New-York post, William Bryant, proposed the creation of a Park. The idea was not so much creative as revolutionary for New-York at that time. It was proposed not only to arrange a place of recreation for citizens, but also to preserve part of the nature of the pre-Columbian era. Let our descendants see how we found this land, and then, next to it, what we have turned it into! William called with pathos. And, as they say, the idea gradually began to occupy the minds of money people. Many wealthy citizens at that time traveled to Europe and saw similar parks. They fervently supported Bryant's idea, but decided in American fashion that it should be "better and bigger" in New-York.
And already in 1856, a huge plot was purchased for 5.5 million dollars. As usual, a competition was announced for the design of the Park, which was won by architect Calvert wood and landscape architect Frederick Olmsted.

The place was not suitable for housing (that's why it was so easily abandoned): huge boulders, swamps, rock ledges, stood poor shacks of farmers. Residents had to be relocated from this territory, providing them with a certain compensation.

About 20,000 people worked on Central Park; engineers and masons were invited from other States of New England; skilled German gardeners were engaged in trees and shrubs. Soil alone was removed from the territory of more than 10 million carts, and the vacant space was filled with fertile land. Workers planted 5 million trees and dense shrubs here, drained swampy areas, and dug ponds. From the previous territory, there are still huge stone boulders on which citizens like to relax. When creating the Central Park, we focused on English parks and the Bois de Boulogne in France.
Central Park opened to the public in 1859. It changed several times, and new elements appeared as changes occurred in the life itself, the political situation, and the needs of New-Yorkes. Unfortunately, in the history of Central Park there were not the brightest periods, many times it fell into decline. In the 20th century, cars appeared in the city that pollute the atmosphere and harm the Park, they began to observe its territory carelessly, little funds were allocated, they stopped removing dead plants, clearing plots, and buildings located on the territory of Central Park were damaged. However, despite the very high price of land in Manhattan, the Park was constantly restored by the citizens themselves, for whom it has always been a national pride, one of the few natural recreation places in a densely populated, skyscraper-built city. It is especially valuable for those who rarely go out into nature. When outdoor sports became popular, playgrounds were created here, and paths were made for running and riding bicycles and roller skates. Cars are not allowed to enter its territory, all roads are taken underground, but you can often see decorated horse-drawn carriages, which are very popular with tourists.
There is a large zoo that is open all year round (admission is free for children under 3 years old. For children from 3 to 12 years - an entrance fee of 25 cents, for adults-1 dollar), ice skating grounds, beautiful alleys for walking, a romantic stone bridge. Sea lions, polar bears, funny Chinese bamboo bears-pandas, penguins, otters - are just a small part of its inhabitants. For more information about the zoo's inhabitants, see the cartoon "Madagascar". Gradually, the environment was updated with sculptures, additional structures, and fountains. There are many beautiful places with water where you can go boating. In Central Park there is also the famous "Strawberry field" with a memorial mosaic near the site of the murder of John Lennon — also a very popular attraction in this area.
Citizens love to do sports here, run, breathe fresh air (not for nothing is this place called "green lungs of Manhattan"), relax and just spend their leisure time in the company of loved ones. Along the canals and lakes of the Park, you can ride a rented boat with a charming companion/com, for a while getting away from the bustle of the world. Well, if you went to the Park with the whole family, then be sure to look at the zoo. When visiting New-York, you must see this amazing and beautiful place, one of the most unusual parks in the world. Central Park is beautiful not only in the morning and in the afternoon, but also after dark. When the night lights of the city are lit, it gets a special atmosphere.